Forgiveness is being shielded from the harmful consequences of wrong actions, and the veiling of them. Seeking forgiveness is mentioned again and again in the Qur’an, and in some places it is
a command, as in His saying, Glorious and
Exalted is He:
"And seek forgiveness of Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving, Compassionate."
In other places, Allah praises those who seek his forgiveness, as in the ayat:
"And those who pray for forgiveness in the early hours of the morning."
In other places, Allah tells us that he forgives those who ask for His forgiveness, as in ayat:
"And whoever does evil, or wrongs his own soul, but afterwards seeks Allah’s forgiveness, will find Allah is Forgiving, Compassionate."
Seeking forgiveness is frequently associated with repentance, in which case it takes the form of asking for forgiveness with the tongue.
Repentance is turning away from wrong action with both heart and body. Seeking forgiveness is similar to supplication in that Allah, if He so wishes, responds to it and forgives the person who seeks His forgiveness.
This is especially true if the du’a (supplication) came directly from a
heart troubled by wrong actions, or if it was made during the times most favorable for His response, such as in the early hours of the morning or immediately following the prayer.
Reminder to my self